Guideline to authors


Authors are advised to ensure that any article submitted to the FULafia Journal of Science and Technology (FJST) has never been submitted to any other journal. Papers will be subjected to editorial peer review process. By submitting a manuscript, the author agrees to transfer the copyright of the manuscript automatically to the FULafia Journal of Science and Technology at the time of acceptance for publication. The decision of the editors on the acceptability of a paper or otherwise is final.


Manuscripts should be prepared in English language and should be clearly written. The subsections should include the Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendations and References.  

Manuscripts should be typed in word form or Latex format in Times New Roman 12 font size, double-spaced with margins of 4cm. A manuscript should be divided into cover page (title, names of author(s), author’s affiliation, and address for correspondence and reprints, including e-mail addresses), abstract and keywords, introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion, conclusion, acknowledgement (if any) and references. A maximum of 10 printed pages is allowed.


Title of manuscript should not be ambiguous and must be concise and reflecting the content of the paper. A maximum of 20 words is recommended for the title.


A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. The abstract should be structured with a minimum of 250 words and a maximum of 300 words. Abbreviations should be avoided and if used should be explained at first mention.


Should contain the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background. Avoid a detailed literature review.


Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.


Results should be clear and concise. Discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work and this should not be repeated. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.


Acknowledgements should be made in a separate section at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals who funded or provided help during the research.


References should be listed on a separate sheet and should be listed alphabetically without numbering at the end of the text. References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication. For example, Kwon-Ndung et al., 2009a, 2009b, 2009c).

All citations within the text should follow these formats:

1. Single author: the author's name (without initials) and the year of publication;
2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;
3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by "et al." and the year of publication.

Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically. Examples: "as reported (Kwon-Ndung, 2009a, 2009b, 2012; Salihu and Chuku, 2009). Nja (2014) recently reported ……"

Only published papers can be mentioned in the manuscript. Reference to a journal publication, books, chapters in a book, thesis etc should be listed as follows:

Journal Article:

Edache, J.A., Ehiobu, N.G and Njike, M.C. (2003). Performance of laying Japanese quail (Cortunix cortunic japonica) fed different levels of protein under Nigerian environment. J.          Agric Sci. & Tech. 13(2):110-116


Helleiner, G.K. 1966. Peasant agriculture, government and economic growth in Nigeria.     Homewood, Illinois, Irwin Press.
Chapter in an edited book:
Jonathan, G. (1999). Agriculture and national development. In: Oduye, M.L. and Suswan, J.T.       (Eds.), Politics and the agrarian revolution in Africa. Inter-Academy Publishers, Lagos, pp.        324-334.


Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.


All illustrations, whether diagrams or photographs, are referred to as Figures. If any figures appear in colour, please note that they will only appear in colour in the online version; in the printed version they will be in black and white. If the quality of the colour figure supplied is not suitable to be produced in colour, it will also be shown in black and white in the online version. Figures should ideally be black and white, not colour, and numbered sequentially. However, if colour is essential to the figure please send a good quality colour image. Please place them at the end of the article, rather than interspersed in text.

Please prepare all figures, especially line diagrams, to the highest possible standards. Bear in mind that lettering may be reduced in size by a factor of 2 or 3, and that fine lines may disappear.  

Units of Measurement

FULafia Journal of Science and Technology follow the Système International (SI) for units of measurement. Similarly IUPAC and Authors and editors are, by general agreement, obliged to accept the rules governing biological nomenclature, as laid down in the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. All crops, plants, insects, birds, mammals, etc. should be identified by their scientific names when the English term is first used, with the exception of common domestic animals.

Math formulae

Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text). Imperial units will be converted, except where conversion would affect the meaning of a statement, or imply a greater or lesser degree of accuracy.